Entries tagged with peewee
Peewee now supports CockroachDB
I'm pleased to announce that Peewee now supports CockroachDB (CRDB), the distributed, horizontally-scalable SQL database. I'm excited about this release, because it's now quite easy to get up-and-running with a robust SQL database that can scale out with minimal effort (documentation).
Here is how you configure a
from playhouse.cockroachdb import CockroachDatabase db = CockroachDatabase('my_app', user='root', host='10.1.0.8', port=26257)
CRDB conveniently provides a very similar SQL dialect to Postgres, which has been
well-supported in Peewee for many years, allowing you to use features like jsonb
in addition to the regular complement of field-types. Additionally, CRDB speaks
the same wire-protocol as Postgres, so it works out-of-the-box using the
Misadventures in Python Packaging: Optional C Extensions
I began an unlikely adventure into Python packaging this week when I made what
I thought were some innocuous modifications to the source distribution and
setup.py script for the peewee
database library. Over the course of a day, the
setup.py more than doubled in
size and underwent five major revisions as I worked to fix problems arising out
of various differences in users environments. This was tracked in issue #1676,
may it always bear witness to the complexities of Python packaging!
In this post I'll explain what happened, the various things I tried, and how I ended up resolving the issue.
Peewee 3.0 released
On Monday of this week I merged in the
3.0a branch of peewee, a lightweight Python ORM, marking the
official 3.0.0 release
of the project. Today as I'm writing this, the project is at 3.0.9, thanks to
so many helpful people submitting issues and bug reports. Although this was
pretty much a complete rewrite of the 2.x codebase, I have tried to maintain
backwards-compatibility for the public APIs.
In this post I'll discuss a bit about the motivation for the rewrite and some changes to the overall design of the library. If you're thinking about upgrading, check out the changes document and, if you are wondering about any specific APIs, take a spin through the rewritten (and much more thorough) API documentation.
Multi-threaded SQLite without the OperationalErrors
SQLite's write lock and pysqlite's clunky transaction state-machine are a toxic combination for multi-threaded applications. Unless you are very diligent about keeping your write transactions as short as possible, you can easily wind up with one thread accidentally holding a write transaction open for an unnecessarily long time. Threads that are waiting to write will then have a much greater likelihood of timing out while waiting for the lock, giving the illusion of poor performance.
In this post I'd like to share a very effective technique for performing writes to a SQLite database from multiple threads.
Optimistic locking in Peewee ORM
In this post I'll share a simple code snippet you can use to perform optimistic locking when updating model instances. I've intentionally avoided providing an implementation for this in peewee, because I don't believe it will be easy to find a one-size-fits-all approach to versioning and conflict resolution. I've updated the documentation to include the sample implementation provided here, however.
Using the SQLite JSON1 and FTS5 Extensions with Python
Back in September, word started getting around trendy programming circles about a new file that had appeared in the SQLite fossil repo named json1.c. I originally wrote up a post that contained some gross hacks in order to get pysqlite to compile and work with the new
json1 extension. With the release of SQLite 3.9.0, those hacks are no longer necessary.
SQLite 3.9.0 is a fantastic release. In addition to the much anticipated
json1 extension, there is a new version of the full-text search extension called
fts5 improves performance of complex search queries and provides an out-of-the-box BM25 ranking implementation. You can also boost the significance of particular fields in the ranking. I suggest you check out the release notes for the full list of enhancements
This post will describe how to compile SQLite with support for
fts5. We'll use the new SQLite library to compile a python driver so we can use the new features from python. Because I really like
apsw, I've included instructions for building both of them. Finally, we'll use peewee ORM to run queries using the
A Tour of Tagging Schemas: Many-to-many, Bitmaps and More
In this post I'll describe how to implement tagging with a relational database. What I mean by tagging are those little labels you see at the top of this blog post, which indicate how I've chosen to categorize the content. There are many ways to solve this problem, and I'll try to describe some of the more popular methods, as well as one unconventional approach using bitmaps. In each section I'll describe the database schema, try to list the benefits and drawbacks, and present example queries. I will use Peewee ORM for the example code, but hopefully these examples will easily translate to your tool-of-choice.
Meet Scout, a Search Server Powered by SQLite
In my continuing adventures with SQLite, I had the idea of writing a RESTful search server utilizing SQLite's full-text search extension. You might think of it as a poor man's ElasticSearch.
So what is this project? Well, the idea I had was that instead of building out separate search implementations for my various projects, I would build a single lightweight search service I could use everywhere. I really like SQLite (and have previously blogged about using SQLite's full-text search with Python), and the full-text search extension is quite good, so it didn't require much imagination to take the next leap and expose it as a web-service.
Read on for more details.
How to make a Flask blog in one hour or less
For fun, I thought I'd write a post describing how to build a blog using Flask, a Python web-framework. Building a blog seems like, along with writing a Twitter-clone, a quintessential experience when learning a new web framework. I remember when I was attending a five-day Django tutorial presented by Jacob Kaplan-Moss, one of my favorite projects we did was creating a blog. After setting up the core of the site, I spent a ton of time adding features and little tweaks here-and-there. My hope is that this post will give you the tools to build a blog, and that you have fun customizing the site and adding cool new features.
In this post we'll cover the basics to get a functional site, but leave lots of room for personalization and improvements so you can make it your own. The actual Python source code for the blog will be a very manageable 200 lines.
Who is this post for?
This post is intended for beginner to intermediate-level Python developers, or experienced developers looking to learn a bit more about Python and Flask. For the mother of all Flask tutorials, check out Miguel Grinberg's 18 part Flask mega-tutorial.
Here are the features:
- Entries are formatted using markdown.
- Entries support syntax highlighting, optionally using Github-style triple-backticks.
- Automatic video / rich media embedding using OEmbed.
- Very nice full-text search thanks to SQLite's FTS extension.
- Draft posts.
Querying the top N objects per group with Peewee ORM
This post is a follow-up to my post about querying the top related item by group. In this post we'll go over ways to retrieve the top N related objects by group using the Peewee ORM. I've also presented the SQL and the underlying ideas behind the queries, so you can translate them to whatever ORM / query layer you are using.
Retrieving the top N per group is a pretty common task, for example:
- Display my followers and their 10 most recent tweets.
- In each of my inboxes, list the 5 most recent unread messages.
- List the sections of the news site and the three latest stories in each.
- List the five best sales in each department.
In this post we'll discuss the following types of solutions:
- Solutions involving
- Solutions involving
- Window functions
- Postgresql lateral joins