Encrypted SQLite Databases with Python and SQLCipher

october 27, 2014 11:20pm / peewee python sqlcipher sqlite / 5 comments

photos/p1414470640.98.png

SQLCipher, created by Zetetic, is an open-source library that provides transparent 256-bit AES encryption for your SQLite databases. SQLCipher is used by a large number of organizations, including Nasa, SalesForce, Xerox and more. The project is open-source and BSD licensed. Best of all, there are open-source python bindings.

A GitHub user known as The Dod was kind enough to contribute a sqlcipher playhouse module, making it a snap to use Peewee with SQLCipher.

In this post, I'll show how to compile SQLCipher and the pysqlcipher bindings, then use peewee ORM to work with an encrypted SQLite database.

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Saturday morning hacks: Command-line client for the Flask note-taking app

october 22, 2014 08:44pm / flask peewee python saturday-morning-hacks / 0 comments

saturday hacks huey and mickey

A while back I wrote about using Flask to create a note-taking app. The goal of that app was to make it really easy for me to save little notes from my phone or computer. In the first follow-up post, I showed how to transition the JSON views to a full-featured RESTful API. I also showed how to add email reminders and to-do lists with checkable items to the notes app. Then in the most recent post, I showed how to leverage SQLite's full-text search extension to make the notes searchable. In this, the final installment, I'll show how I built a command-line client for the note-taking app.

Here is how the notes app looked when we left off at the end of part 3:

photos/p1412692599.23.png

Note-taking app code

If you'd like to follow along, you can find the source code for the most recent version of the note-taking app in this gist:

https://gist.github.com/coleifer/d93d6c43e59698d149c0

If you'd rather skip the post and get straight to the code, here is the code for the updated version:

https://gist.github.com/coleifer/948dd13f5aa98e2f1364

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Saturday morning hacks: DataSet for Peewee

october 17, 2014 05:39pm / peewee python saturday-morning-hacks / 0 comments

Saturday morning hacks

I recently became acquainted with the dataset project while browsing a curated list of awesome SQLAlchemy resources. I was intrigued by the project's simplicity, and apparently I'm not the only one as the project has quite a few followers on GitHub. Since peewee has the ingredients required to provide a similar API (reflection, schema migrations), I decided it might be a fun project to add a DataSet-like module to the playhouse extension collection.

Taking a look at DataSet

I feel like the best way to explain DataSet is to show it in action, so let's take a look at what it can do.

>>> from playhouse.dataset import DataSet

>>> db = DataSet('sqlite:///:memory:')

>>> people = db['people']  # This will create the people table.

>>> people.insert(name='charlie', gender='M')
1
>>> people.insert(name='huey', gender='M', favorite_color='blue')
2

>>> list(people)
[{'favorite_color': None, 'gender': u'M', 'id': 1, 'name': u'charlie'},
 {'favorite_color': u'blue', 'gender': u'M', 'id': 2, 'name': u'huey'}]

>>> people.update(favorite_color='green', name='charlie', columns=['name'])
1

>>> people.find_one(name='charlie')['favorite_color']
u'green'

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Saturday morning hacks: Adding full-text search to the flask note-taking app

october 08, 2014 11:57am / flask peewee python saturday-morning-hacks / 0 comments

Saturday morning hacks

In preparation for the fourth and final installment in the "Flask Note-taking app" series, I found it necessary to improve the search feature of the note-taking app. In this post we will use SQLite's full-text search extension to improve the search feature.

To recap, the note-taking app provides a lightweight interface for storing markdown-formatted notes. Because I frequently find myself wanting to take notes on the spur of the moment, the note-taking app needed to be very mobile-friendly. By using twitter bootstrap and a hefty dose of JavaScript, we made an app that matches our spec and manages to look good doing it!

In part 2, we added email reminders and check-able task lists to the note-taking app. We also converted the backend to use flask-peewee's REST API extension, which made it easy to add pagination and search. And that is how I've left it for the last three months or so.

Below is a screenshot of the latest version of the notes app. The UI is much cleaner thanks to a stylesheet from bootswatch. The bootswatch stylesheet works as a drop-in replacement for the default bootstrap CSS file.

photos/p1412692599.23.png

All together, the note-taking app has the following features:

You can browse or download the finished code from part 2 in this gist. If you're in a hurry, you can find all the code from this post in this gist.

In case you were curious, I've been using the notes app for things like:

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Saturday morning hacks: Building an Analytics App with Flask

september 30, 2014 10:40am / flask peewee python saturday-morning-hacks / 5 comments

Saturday morning hacks

A couple years back I wrote about building an Analytics service with Cassandra. As fun as that project was to build, the reality was that Cassandra was completely unsuitable for my actual needs, so I decided to switch to something simpler. I'm happy to say the replacement app has been running without a hitch for the past 5 months taking up only about 20 MB of RAM! In this post I'll show how to build a lightweight Analytics service using Flask.

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Postgresql HStore, JSON data-type and Arrays with Peewee ORM

september 12, 2014 11:13pm / peewee postgresql python / 2 comments

I've developed an interest in some of the more advanced features of SQLite after reading the O'Reilly title Using SQLite (Small. Fast. Reliable. Choose Any Three). For personal projects I like using SQLite, but when I need something more powerful I turn to Postgresql. Because peewee supports both of these databases (as well as MySQL), it is limited to a lowest-common-denominator feature set. While this encompasses a broad range of features, each database engine has its own extensions and I've been interested in adding some pythonic support for the cooler extensions.

Here are some of the fun things you can find in peewee's playhouse (collection of extensions):

This post will showcase the peewee support for HStore, JSON document store, and arrays. I've written elsewhere about SQLite's full-text search, so if you're a SQLite user you may want to check out that post.

To follow along at home, feel free to install peewee:

pip install peewee

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SQLite: Small. Fast. Reliable. Choose any three.

july 14, 2014 12:37pm / berkeleydb peewee python sqlite / 10 comments

Sqlite Logo

SQLite is a fantastic database and in this post I'd like to explain why I think that, for many scenarios, SQLite is actually a great choice. I hope to also clear up some common misconceptions about SQLite.

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Saturday morning hacks: Revisiting the notes app

may 30, 2014 04:17pm / flask javascript peewee python saturday-morning-hacks / 1 comments

Saturday morning hacks

My post from last month, Saturday Morning Hack, a Little Note-Taking App with Flask, was pretty well-received. Since I've made a number of improvements to the app, I thought I would write one more post to share some of the updates I've made to this project, in the hopes that they may be of interest to you.

A live demo is up and running on Python Anywhere, so feel free to check that out before continuing on with the post: http://beetlejuicer.pythonanywhere.com/

To briefly recap the previous post, I discussed how I built a lightweight note-taking app which I could use from my phone or desktop. It has a nice ajax-ey interface and some simple markdown helpers written with javascript. In addition to supporting markdown, it also supports oembed for automatically embedding YouTube videos and the like. Here is what it looked like when we left off a few weeks ago:

Notes on Desktop

And this is how it looks now!

New and improved notes app

So what's new? Well, I've made a couple changes under-the-hood, and added some entirely new features to the UI.

This was super fun to hack on so I thought I'd share the new code and describe how I added these features. Honestly, I didn't really end up adding much in terms of implementation. Huey handles scheduling and sending the email reminders, even automatically retrying messages that fail to send. Similarly, Flask-Peewee's REST API provides search and pagination out-of-the-box, so all I had to do was write the JavaScript to communicate with it. Thanks to these libraries, I was able to focus on the things that made this project unique, and hopefully you enjoy reading about the code.

Read the rest of the post for the details.

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Using SQLite Full-Text Search with Python

may 12, 2014 07:12pm / peewee python search sqlite / 0 comments

Full-text search with SQLite

In this post I will show how to use SQLite full-text search with Python (and a lot of help from peewee ORM). We will see how to index content for searching, and how to order search results using two ranking algorithms.

Last week I migrated my site from Postgresql to SQLite. I had been using Redis to power my site's search, but since SQLite has an awesome full-text search extension, I decided to give it a try. I am really pleased with the results, and being able to specify boolean search queries is an added plus. Here is a brief overview of the types of search queries SQLite supports:

Check out the full post for details on adding full-text search to your project.

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Saturday morning hack: personalized news digest with boolean query parser

may 10, 2014 10:28am / flask peewee python saturday-morning-hacks / 3 comments

Saturday morning hacks

Because I had so much fun writing my last Saturday morning hack, I thought I would share another little hack. I was thinking that I really enjoy my subscription to Python weekly and wouldn't it be great if I had a personal email digest containing just the types of things that interest me? I regularly cruise reddit and hacker hater news but in my opinion there's a pretty low signal-to-noise ratio. Occasionally I stumble on fascinating content and that's what keeps me coming back.

I wanted to write an app that would search the sites I read and automatically create an email digest based on search terms that I specified. I recently swapped my blog over to SQLite and I love that the SQLite full-text search extension lets you specify boolean queries. With that in mind, I decided that I would have a curated list of boolean search queries which would be used to filter content from the various sites I read. Any articles that match my search would then be emailed to me.

Here are some of my search terms, which I am viewing in the flask-peewee admin interface:

Search term admin

If you're interested in learning how to build your own version of this project, check out the rest of the post.

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